PDHK3 or Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase 3 is a member of the PDHK family that phosphorylate and inactivate the Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (PDH) (1). PDH is a mitochondrial multienzyme complex that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and is one of the major enzymes responsible for the regulation of homeostasis of carbohydrate fuels in mammals. HIF-1 induces PDHK3 expression leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration (2). Forced expression of PDHK3 in cancer cells results in increased lactic acid accumulation and drugs resistance, whereas knocking down PDHK3 inhibits hypoxia-induced cytoplasmic glycolysis and cell survival.
1. Gudi, R. et al: Diversity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase gene family in humans. J. Biol. Chem. 270: 28989-28994, 1995.
2. Lu, C W. et al: Induction of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-3 by hypoxia-inducible factor-1 promotes metabolic switch and drug resistance. J Biol Chem. 2008 Oct 17;283(42):28106-14.
Sample Kinase Activity Plot. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Sample Purity Data. For specific information on a given lot, see related technical data sheet.
Storage, Stability and Shipping:
Store product at –70oC. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
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Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Metabolic Disorder, Ser/Thr Kinases