JNK3 is a member of the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) which are part of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family, and regulate signal transduction in response to environmental stress. JNK3 phosphorylates various transcription factors such as ATF2, Elk-1 and members of the Jun family (1). Activation and nuclear localization of JNK3, a neuronal-specific isoform of JNK, has been associated with hypoxic and ischemic damage of CA1 neurons in the hippocampus. Knockout mice lacking JNK3 showed reduced apoptosis of hippocampal neurons and reduced seizure induced by kainic acid, a glutamate-receptor agonist (2).
MAPK10; JNK3A, MGC50974, PRKM10, p493F12, p54bSAPK; FLJ12099, FLJ33785
1. Gupta, S. et al: Selective interaction of JNK protein kinase isoforms with transcription factors. EMBO J. 1996 Jun 3;15(11):2760-70.
2. Yang, D D. et al: Absence of excitotoxicity-induced apoptosis in the hippocampus of mice lacking the Jnk3 gene. Nature. 1997 Oct 23;389(6653):865-70.
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Storage, Stability and Shipping:
Store product at –70oC. For optimal storage, aliquot target into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. For most favorable performance, avoid repeated handling and multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
Meter M Van et al., JNK Phosphorylates SIRT6 to Stimulate DNA Double-Strand Break Repair in Response to Oxidative Stress by Recruiting PARP1 to DNA Breaks. Cell Reports September 2016 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.08.006
Puri Puneet et al., Activation and Dysregulation of the Unfolded Protein Response in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Gastroenterology October 2006 10.1053/j.gastro.2007.10.039
Hong Park Sun et al., IRAK4 as a Molecular Target in the Amelioration of Innate Immunity?Related Endotoxic Shock and Acute Liver Injury by Chlorogenic Acid Journal of Immunology November 2014 10.4049/jimmunol.1402101
Selvaraja Nagarathinam et al., Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Signaling Regulates the Opposing Roles of JUN Family Transcription Factors at ETS/AP-1 Sites and in Cell Migration Molecular and Cellular Biology January 2015 10.1128/MCB.00982-14
Prakasam A et al., JNK1/2 regulate Bid by direct phosphorylation at Thr59 in response to ALDH1L1 Cell Death & Disease July 2014 10.1038/cddis.2014.316
Apoptosis/Autophagy, Cardiovascular Disease, Cellular Stress, Inflammation, JNK/SAPK Pathway, Neurobiology, NfkB Pathway, Ser/Thr Kinases